Ali Qazi Tabatabai, also known as “Allamah Qadi” and “Ayatollah Qazi”, was an Iranian alim and mystic. He was the son of Husseyn and was born in Tabriz, Iran. He was born on 29 April 1866 in Tabriz. His father Sayyed Hosein Qazi was a prominent pupil of the grand Mirza Shirazi.
Ali Qazi Tabatabai, also known as “Allamah Qadi,” was a prominent Iranian alim (Islamic scholar) and mystic born on April 29, 1866, in Tabriz, Iran. He lived through the late 19th and early 20th centuries, contributing significantly to the field of Islamic scholarship and mysticism.
While historical records do not provide specific details about Ali Qazi Tabatabai’s net worth, his wealth was likely derived from his scholarly activities and writings. His true wealth, however, lay in the knowledge and wisdom he imparted to his students and the influence he had on the Islamic intellectual tradition.
Ali Qazi Tabatabai came from a distinguished lineage of scholars. According to Ali Qazi Wikipedia, his father, Sayyed Hosein Qazi, was a notable pupil of the grand Mirza Shirazi, while his maternal grandfather, Mirza Mohsen, was a renowned jurist. Throughout his life, Ali Qazi Tabatabai had a close association with several prominent scholars, both as his teachers and students. His educational journey was enriched by mentors like Mirza Mousa Tabrizi, Muhammad Ali Qarcheh Daghi, and Sayyed Hosein Qazi, among others. He later became a respected teacher himself, with notable students like Allameh Sayyed Muhammad Hossein Tabatabaei and Sayyed Hasan Masqati.
In his mystical pursuits, Ali Qazi Tabatabai studied under Ayatollah Sayyed Ahmed Karbala’i and Sheikh Mohammad Bahari, who were disciples of Mirza Mulla Hossein Qulli Hamadani. This lineage of mystical teachings stretched back to Ayatollah Haj Sayyed Ali Shushtari.
- Islamic Studies: Ali Qazi Tabatabai began his Islamic studies in his hometown, Tabriz, under the guidance of his father and other renowned scholars. Around 1895, he traveled to Najaf to further his education and pursue the status of Ijtihad. In Najaf, he studied under influential scholars such as Muhammad Kazem Khorasani and Mirza Fathollah Shariati.
- Authority (Ijtihad): Remarkably, Ali Qazi Tabatabai achieved the degree of Ijtihad, the highest level of authority in Islamic jurisprudence, when he was just 27 years old. He demonstrated his dedication and scholarship by memorizing nearly 40,000 Arabic words, a testament to his commitment to mastering the Islamic sciences.
- Mystical Behavior: Ali Qazi Tabatabai was known for his enigmatic and mystical character. His presence was said to be ethereal, sometimes appearing among his students and at other times vanishing mysteriously. This mystical aspect of his persona added to his aura as a spiritual guide.
- Night Prayers: He emphasized the practice of night prayers and encouraged his students to engage in this spiritual discipline. According to Allameh Tabatabaei, he advised that the pursuit of both worldly and spiritual success required a commitment to night prayers, reflecting his deep devotion to the faith.
- Works: Ali Qazi Tabatabai left behind a rich legacy of written works. Notable among them is a partially completed tafsir (commentary) of the Quran, covering verses up to 91 of Surah al-An’am. He also wrote various notes and commentaries, addressing spiritual and mystical topics. Some of his works include an incomplete explanation of Samat Dua, corrections to the book of Ershad, notes on fotuhat and fosus, a commentary on The Holy Quran, and mystical letters and recommendations.
Ali Qazi Tabatabai’s life and contributions continue to be a source of inspiration for scholars and seekers of spiritual wisdom. His dedication to Islamic scholarship, mysticism, and the spiritual well-being of his students has left an indelible mark on the history of Islamic thought.