There is no doubt that software programming is a hot career right now. The US. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts a 22% growth in job planning from 2020 to 2030, which is more than four times the average for all occupations. Additionally, the median annual salary for a software programmer is approximately $110,140, nearly three times the average salary of all working Americans.
However, not all programming jobs are created equal. Different roles, companies, and types of software require knowledge and understanding of different programming languages - and knowing multiple languages often helps. Trying to break into software programming can be a daunting experience, especially for professionals with no programming experience. Below you’ll learn about the 10 best programming languages that will be in demand among employers in 2022.
Average Salary: $110,864
Average Salary: $109,773
Python is one of the most popular programming languages today and is easy to learn for beginners due to its readability. It is a free and open-source programming language with extensive community development and support modules, easy integration with web services, intuitive data structures, and graphical interfaces for desktop applications. It is a popular programming language for machine learning and deep learning applications. Due to its popularity, Python skills are in high demand.
Disadvantage: Python is not suitable for mobile application development.
Average Salary: $100,302
Java is a generic, object-oriented, high-level programming language with several features that make it ideal for web development. Java is designed to be a loosely coupled programming language, which means that an application written in Java can be executed on any platform that supports Java. As a result, Java is recognized for its portability across multiple platforms, from mainframe data centers to smartphones. Today, more than 3 billion devices run applications created with Java.
Disadvantage: Java primarily works on storage and doesn’t focus on backing up data. This is a major drawback that causes users to lose interest and reviews. In addition, the software company Oracle, which owns Java, charges a license fee to use the Java Development Kit.
Average Salary: $94,241
Pronounced C-sharp, C# is a multi-paradigm programming language that features strong typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented, and component-oriented disciplines. It is best suited for applications on Windows, Android, and iOS, as it takes the help of the integrated development environment product, Microsoft Visual C++. C# is used on the back end of several popular websites like Bing, Dell, Visual Studio, and MarketWatch.
Disadvantage: Less flexible, as it depends on Microsoft’s .Net framework; poor x-platform GUI
Average Salary: $94,241
C++ is a general-purpose, object-oriented, middle-level programming language and is an extension of C language, which makes it possible to code C++ in a “C style”. In some situations, coding can be done in either format, making C++ an example of a hybrid language.
Disadvantages: C++ has complex syntax and an abundance of features that can make it complicated for new programmers.
Average Salary: $91,590
PHP is an open-source scripting language designed for creating dynamic web pages that effectively work with databases. Programmers with high-level PHP coding skills can also use it to develop desktop applications.
PHP is considered a relatively easy language to learn for beginning developers. PHP professionals have several dedicated online communities, making it easy to get support and answers to questions.
Disadvantage: Not very secure; not well-suited for large applications; poor error-handling; cannot support a large number of apps
Average Salary: $81,873
Along with Python and Java, C forms a “good foundation” for learning how to program. C Language is a structure-oriented, middle-level programming language mostly used to develop low-level applications. It is also an easy language to debug, test, and maintain.
C is used by employers in Information Technology, Engineering, Management, Healthcare, and Professional Services.
Disadvantages: Since it’s an older programming language, C is not suitable for more modern use cases such as websites or mobile applications. C also has a complex syntax as compared to more modern languages.
Average salary: $128,736
Go has recently become one of the fastest-growing programming languages due to its simplicity, as well as its ability to handle multicore and networked systems and massive codebases. Companies using Go as their programming language include Google, Uber, Twitch, Dropbox, among many others. Go is also gaining in popularity among data scientists because of its agility and performance.
Disadvantages: Go does not include a library for graphical user interfaces, which are the most common ways that end-users interact with any device that has a screen.
Average Salary: $136,575
Kotlin is a modern, trending programming language. Kotlin is easy to learn, especially if you already know Java (it is 100% compatible with Java). Kotlin is used extensively for Android apps, web applications, desktop applications, and server-side application development.
Kotlin was built to be better than Java, and people who use this language are convinced. Most of the Google applications are based on Kotlin. Some companies using Kotlin as their programming language include Coursera, Pinterest, PostMates among many others.
Disadvantages: It gives minimal tools for programming language learning and various queries during the software development process. Despite Kotlin’s extremely relevancy, only a few programmers are today available in this field.
Swift is Apple’s newest open-source, multi-paradigm programming language for iOS and OS X apps. Like many modern programming languages, Swift has a highly readable syntax, runs code quickly, and can be used for both client-side and server-side development. Swift requires fewer coding skills compared with other programming languages.
Disadvantages: Swift can only be used on newer versions of iOS 7 and will not work with older applications. Despite its number of fans growing, Swift still has a relatively small circle of coders who work with it.